Pre-surgical tips on how to manage cataract

Pre-surgical tips on how to manage cataract

Cataracts are clouded lenses that develop in the lenses of your eyes starting around the age of 40, a disease known as cataracts. A large number of people get cataracts that eventually grow so thick that their vision is blurred or distorted. By the time they reach the age of 80, more than half of all Americans will have developed a cataract or will have undergone cataract surgery.

It is quite effective to have this surgery performed since it is a short and safe process that entails replacing the clouded lens with a clear plastic one. If your eye doctor does not advise you to undergo cataract surgery immediately soon, you may not need to have it done straight away.

As Dr. Laura Fine, a cataract expert and clinical lecturer in ophthalmology at Harvard Medical School, points out, “most cataracts advance very slowly and can be safely studied until you feel you need improved vision, for example, when you have difficulties reading or seeing street signs.” In the early stages of cataract development, one of the most prevalent symptoms is blurred night vision, which is especially noticeable in the rain or when driving. People frequently express dissatisfaction with headlight glare or starbursts when driving at night, according to her. You can read more about cataract surgery in Australia by visiting

Suggestions for dealing with cataracts that are too early or too tiny

If you are experiencing the early stages of cataract formation, you may notice a minor decrease in your vision, but not to the extent that it interferes with your daily activities. In certain circumstances, rather than becoming opaque, the lens just thickens, resulting in nearsightedness instead of becoming opaque. If this is the case, the following suggestions may be beneficial.

  • Make an appointment with your eye doctor to get a new prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses.
  • Replace the lightbulbs in your lamps around the house with brighter ones, especially in the ones you use for reading or other close work.
  • You may reduce glare by placing lights immediately behind you and directing them toward the job at hand (for example, the book you’re reading).
  • When reading or doing work, use magnifying glasses.
  • Use contrasting colors to improve your vision around your house. For example, a dark blanket on a bright chair can help you see better.

Many patients benefit from these precautions, which allow them to safely postpone cataract surgery for years. Some people never require surgery at all. However, persons who rely on their eyes for intricate work, such as architects, dentists, and jewelers, may require surgery sooner than other people in the same profession.

Are you ready to think about having cataract surgery? What you should know before you go

Typically, persons who have a denser cataract initially undergo cataract surgery on that particular eye. If the other eye only has a little cataract, it is possible that a second eye operation will not be required for several years. However, because the majority of persons with age-related cataracts have identical illnesses in both eyes, the second eye is generally done a few weeks after the first, when the first has had a chance to heal completely.

Doctor Fine estimates that the entire process will take approximately two months in total, due to follow-up appointments one day after each operation and one week after each cataract surgery. People frequently have to schedule their cataract surgery around other medical treatments, travel, or family obligations, which makes them more difficult to schedule.

Dr. Fine suggests that it’s a good idea to plan out the logistics ahead of time. As an illustration:

It is possible that some elderly patients may require a transport home after surgery in addition to a driver or carer who will accompany them to follow-up appointments and potentially assist with the administration of eye drops after cataract surgery.

  • It’s critical to follow a few safety precautions during the first few weeks following a cataract surgery. 
  • During the first week, patients should refrain from lifting anything that weighs more than 10-15 pounds. 
  • Swimming, bathing, and hot tubs should all be avoided for the first two weeks, as should wearing eye makeup during this period.

It is possible that vision will be hazy for the first few days following cataract surgery, but this will progressively improve. “The majority of individuals have commented that things look brighter and clearer,” Dr. Fine explains.

More than 95 percent of persons who have cataract surgery have visual acuity of 20/40 or better at the completion of the procedure. Despite this, the majority of individuals will still require glasses for reading and driving.

When undergoing cataract surgery, can you stay awake?

During cataract surgery, patients are frequently awake and alert. As the operation progresses, you may experience bright lights or movement. You will not, however, be able to view what your doctor is doing throughout the procedure.

On the day of the cataract surgery, patients are often given a light sedative to help them rest and prepare for the procedure. Anesthetic eye drops will be used by your doctor to prevent you from experiencing any sensations at all.

Is Cataract Surgery a Painful Procedure?

It is common for people to have little or no discomfort or agony following cataract surgery. Before and after the surgery, measures are made to guarantee that you do not suffer any discomfort.

Many people have little or no recollection of their cataract operation. Despite the fact that no general anesthetic is utilized, which is often required for surgical procedures.

Patients who are awake the entire time throughout surgery may have difficulty recalling what happened because of the drugs they are taking before and after the operation, depending on the medications they are taking before and after the cataract surgery.

It is usual to have some little eye irritation while wearing contact lenses. However, any discomfort experienced following the treatment is usually moderate. Over-the-counter pain relievers can be used to lessen any discomfort for a brief period of time.

Before you leave the eye clinic, your eye surgeon will also provide you with medical guidance on how to deal with any post-surgical discomfort you may be experiencing.

What type of anesthesia will be used during cataract surgery?

A local anesthetic will be administered by your surgeon prior to the start of the cataract surgery. This form of anesthetic numbs a specific portion of your body, allowing you to remain completely unconscious throughout the process. Your eye and upper eyelid will be numbed in this situation.

You will not be put to sleep with a local anesthetic. Alternatively, you can request sedation, which can be provided either orally or through an IV. This drug is used to treat those who are experiencing anxiety or discomfort.

In the event that you blink during cataract surgery, what happens?

You will be required to keep your eyelid open during the procedure. Although this may appear to be a frightening procedure, you will not feel anything since your eye and eyelid will be anesthetized before the procedure begins. Click here to read about Managing the long-term complications of cataract recovery.